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Calcium

What is Calcium?

Calcium is a chemical element that is essential for living organisms, including humans. It is the most abundant mineral in the body and vital for good health.

We need to consume a certain amount of calcium to build and maintain strong bones and healthy communication between the brain and other parts of the body. Calcium is found naturally in many foods; it is also added to certain products, and supplements are available.

According to the Institute of Medicine (IoM), we should consume calcium daily at the following amounts:

  • age 1-3 years: 700 milligrams (mg) per day
  • age 4-8 years: 1,000 mg per day
  • age 9-18 years: 1,300 mg per day
  • age 19-50 years: 1,000 mg per day
  • breast-feeding or pregnant teenager: 1,000 mg per day
  • breast-feeding or pregnant adult: 1,000 mg per day
  • age 51-70 years (male): 1,000 mg per day
  • age 51-70 years (female): 1,200 mg per day
  • age 71+ years: 1,200 mg per day